Who makes the TOEFL Test?
  • The TOEFL Test is created and produced by the Educational Testing Service.

How many kinds of TOEFL Tests are there?

Please note that the following information changes almost weekly. We suggest that you visit "" for the most recent information.

  • There are currently 3 kinds of TOEFL tests being used around the world:

The IBT: the Internet Based TOEFL Test (IBT) is currently being used in the following territories and countries:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bahrain, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guam, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Kuwait, Krygyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Netherlands, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Reunion, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, U.S. Virgin Islands, Yemen, Zimbabwe.  

The ETS PBT: the Paper and Pencil TOEFL. This test is administered by ETS. It is given six times per year (the testing schedule for 2007-8 is : August 18, 2007; October 13, 2007; November 10, 2007; January 12, 2008; March 7, 2008; May 10 2008. It is offered at specific  locations (you should note that all centers are not open on each of the above dates). See the offical TOEFL website for locations. 

The Institutional PBT: also called the Institutional TOEFL. This test is administered by English language institutions around the world. However, universities and colleges normally do not accept this test for admission unless it is used in a local context (in other words, if the English language institution is located in close proximity to a university or college, then the university or college might accept it for admission). There are no plans to phase out this test.

Which kind of TOEFL Test do I need to take?

  • The student must ask the educational institution which type of TOEFL Test it accepts. Different universities accept different TOEFL tests. For example, the University of California, Davis accepts the IBT, ETS PBT, Institutional IBT (from its own English language institution, and even the CBT (even though this test has been almost entirely phased out).

Which TOEFL Test is the easiest: the IBT, the ETS PBT,  or the Institutional PBT?

  • ETS has tried very hard to make the tests equally difficult. Most students feel that the IBT is more difficult because it contains more difficult reading and listening tasks--and it contains a Speaking Section.  Some students feel that the Institutional PBT is easier because it does not always contain a writing section--and it contains a grammar section. Different students will have different reactions to the different tests.

How should I study for the TOEFL Test?

  • You should combine an "in-class" approach with an "out of class" approach. In other words, you should study a TOEFL preparation material such as Beat the TOEFL: Mastering the IBT DVD intensely--and you should practice speaking with native speakers and reading native English materials as much as possible!